Rats and mice are different types of rodents, but they are having similar looks. Size is the major difference between them. Rats are larger and heavier than the other type, while mice have small slender bodies. They also have long slender tails, and it is covered by hair when compared to rats which are shorter, thicker, and hairless. When it comes to body size, mice are having a smaller body, which is 3 to 10 cm long, compared to a rat’s body length of about 16 to 40 cm long.
Mice migrate into your home in search of food, shelter, or warmth. They are having the ability to reproduce faster and also can spread infectious diseases. They often create more damage to your home by chewing the electrical wires, books, etc, or by getting into your kitchen cupboard and starts contaminating your food. They leave traces of feces and urine, which contain harmful bacteria and viruses. The only effective way to get rid of them is by hiring a Mice pest control company. They are having deep knowledge and experience in eliminating them and give safety tips to the homeowners in order to prevent their future invasions.
Most people unknowingly handle the droppings of mice very carelessly. They are not aware that the feces and urine of the mice are extremely dangerous to human health. The following are some of the common diseases caused by mice because of their urine and feces.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome:
This disease is mainly caused by a virus called Hantavirus and it was first witnessed in the southwestern region of US in the year 1993. This virus flourishes in mice and rats. People can get infected with this in different ways, but rodents are the common carriers of this virus. Hantavirus is airborne in nature and can be transmitted to many people easily when they come in contact with mice feces and urine. Eating the contaminated food caused by the mice can also cause transmission of this virus. Some of the symptoms related to this virus include dizziness, aches in muscles, acute nausea, weakness in the body, and severe fever.
This is caused by a virus and can be transmitted to humans by mice. The transmission comes when a person is in contact with the mice’s urine and droppings. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis mostly spread in the colder months, because at this time mice have moved to your home indoors to avoid the extreme cold.
This infection comes in two phases. The first one is asymptomatic. But there may be some general symptoms like coughing, chest pain, joint pain, loss of appetite, muscular pain, headache, etc. Meanwhile, the second phase is having severe symptoms like encephalitis, paralysis, and meningitis and the infected people need to seek immediate attention.
Apart from the above, leptospirosis, salmonellosis, plague, typhoid, and rickettsial infections are some of the other diseases caused by mice and rats.
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